Uterine myomas constitute a very frequent benign pathology. They may appear
at the age of 20 without producing any symptom. Between a 10 and a 20
percent of the patients require some kind of treatment.
The tendency nowadays is to resort to minimum invasive techniques to remove
or necrotize (destroy) myomas which produce very disturbing and severe
Myomas are benign tumors of the uterus which are classified according to the
location and size they adopt into submucous, intramural and
- Submucous myomas have their base in the myometrium and they grow towards
the uterine cavity (endometrium).
- The intramural ones are completely located in the thickness of the uterine
- Finally, the subserous ones grow towards the outside of the uterus, to the
Even though the exact reasons for these lesions are not clear, scientists
believe they may be related to a genetic predisposition and hormonal
influence. This could explain why they are more frequent in certain races or
Fibroids can grow fast during pregnancy but they recover their previous size
after it. This happens due to the increase of estrogens during that period.
On the other hand, they reduce their size during menopause due to estrogen
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