Female diseases  

 
Uterine Myoma

  

 
Uterine myomas constitute a very frequent benign pathology. They may appear at the age of 20 without producing any symptom. Between a 10 and a 20 percent of the patients require some kind of treatment.

 
The tendency nowadays is to resort to minimum invasive techniques to remove or necrotize (destroy) myomas which produce very disturbing and severe symptoms.

Myomas are benign tumors of the uterus which are classified according to the location and size they adopt into submucous, intramural and subserous.

- Submucous myomas have their base in the myometrium and they grow towards the uterine cavity (endometrium).

- The intramural ones are completely located in the thickness of the uterine wall (myometrium)

- Finally, the subserous ones grow towards the outside of the uterus, to the abdominal cavity.
 

Even though the exact reasons for these lesions are not clear, scientists believe they may be related to a genetic predisposition and hormonal influence. This could explain why they are more frequent in certain races or family groups.

Fibroids can grow fast during pregnancy but they recover their previous size after it. This happens due to the increase of estrogens during that period. On the other hand, they reduce their size during menopause due to estrogen level decrease.

 
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