Female diseases  

 
Endometriosis

 

 

Endometriosis is a benign invasive process characterized by the existence of endometrium (tissue of the internal layer of the uterine cavity) outside the uterus.

 
There are different theories about what originates it, but the reason is not certainly known. It is supposed that, due to a congenital alteration, groups or nests of endometrial cells are found in other parts of the body, generally in the pelvis, although they can be placed somewhere else, even at distance. The most frequent location in the abdominal area is in the ovaries in a bilateral way.

 
From then on, these cells which form a tissue follow the typical changes in each cycle, due to the hormonal influence as well as the own uterine endometrium. However, each month the endometrium first proliferates, then grows and finally it is released to the exterior, in a process known as menstruation.

 
On the contrary, the cells located in the ovaries’ interior do not have an exit to the exterior. Consequently, the desquamation is accumulated forming cysts called chocolate cyst because of the blood they contain.

 
From the clinical point of view, the most curious characteristic of endometriosis is the lack of correlation between the intensity of the symptoms and the severity of the lesions.

 
The clinic of endometriosis is characterized by pain and infertility but many times it doesn’t present any symptoms.

 

 

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